Blood cancer is a a disease which stops the formation of blood and attacks bone marrow or lymphatic systems. Blood cancer is categorized into three types: leukemia,lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Leukemia can be acute or chronic. Acute leukemia found mostly in children, occurs due to uncontrolled production of white blood cells. This production leads to formation of immature forms of lymphocytes.

Most of the cases of blood cancer start in bone marrow where blood is produced. Stem cells found in bone marrow mature and develop into three kinds of blood cells: white blood cells,red blood cells or platelets. In blood cancer abnormal blood cells prevents blood from performing many of its functions, such as fighting infections or controlling serious bleeding.

Reasons for blood cancer

Causes of blood cancer is not known, but as per the studies and research there are number of factors leading to blood cancer. The disease is common in older ages, some run in families and much more reasons are here:

  • Smoking
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Some kind of infections
  • History of blood disorders
  • Some history of genetic disorders

Diagnosis

Blood cancer is a a disease which stops the formation of blood and attacks bone marrow or lymphatic systems.

Blood cancer is a a disease which stops the formation of blood and attacks bone marrow or lymphatic systems.

It is diagnosed by doing blood test in which specific types of blood cells are counted.Tests such as cytogenetic analysis and flow cytometry helps in identifying the abnormal cells.

Treatment

It can be cured, it has been found that if the disease is detected early,blood cancer can be manageable in some cases with regular check up and following up with treatments. Treatment of leukemia vastly depends on its types,features and the extent to which the disease has grown, also in some cases history of the treatment as well as age and health of the patients plays important role. Patients are treated with chemotherapy. Some patients can also be treated with radiation therapy or bone marrow transplantation.In rare cases, more aggressive treatment are needed for regulating the count of white blood cell. Doctors treat chronic leukemia with a class of medication known as tyrosine kinase inhibitors. It has the ability to overstimulate the production of various types of blood cells. Many people, after the treatment have no signs of leukemia for short period of time and some may go for term remissions where abnormal cells are no longer found in their blood.

Prevention

Healthy lifestyle and focus on balanced diet is very important in preventing cancer. Food rich in trans or saturated fat, dressed meat and fish, junk foods should be avoided. Survival rate in blood cancer is increasing due to advancement in treatments and medications.

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